Cancer, a disease with an abnormal cell growth multiplying in number spreading to the other parts of the body rapidly. The disease may not show any signs and symptoms in the beginning, the detection takes place when the mas grows and starts affecting the body in one way or another. The causes of the fatal disease can differ according to the type of cancer. The maximum cancer can be prevented by eliminating the use of Tobacco, alcohol and stop smoking. Unhealthy eating habits and no physical activities can also contribute in creating a bigger cause for cancer and other diseases.
Every year 8,00,000 cancer patients register with National Cancer Registry Programme with the number increasing every year. Lung and Oral Cancer are the most common in men whereas Breast and Cervix cancer are the most common in women. Near about 50% of all cancers in men and 20% in women are caused by chewing tobacco. At global level, India has the highest number of oral cancer cases and each year about 75,000 to 80,000 new cases are added in the list. 20-30% of cancer cases come forward because of wrong eating, wrong sexual and reproductive habits.
Hereditary also contributes in Cancer cases but it has a share of just 5% cases, else other factors like lifestyle, food we eat, lack of physical activities and consumption of tobacco and alcohol makes the maximum share in developing cancer cells in the body. Although every form of cancer is preventable if diagnosed on early stage. The cells if affected a larger part in the body, reduces the chances of getting treated. The cancer cells also revive if the treatment has not been done properly. Even after the chemotherapy is done, a lot of precautions should be taken in order to prevent oneself from any further issues.
The most common cancers in India are the following :
- Cervical Cancer – Being one of the leading cause for cancer deaths in women, it kills over 67,477 women in India annually. About one fourth of the world’s cervical cancer patients reside in India. It is caused by Human Papilloma Virus.
- Lung Cancer – It is considered as the deadliest one, it alone accounts for over 1.6 million global deaths every year. The causes can be increasing environmental pollution, smoking, chewing tobacco and other harmful carcinogenic compound.
- Breast Cancer – It is the leading cause of cancer deaths among women. The chances of breast cancer increases after the age of 40. Factors like poor lifestyle, high stress levels, poor eating habits, irregular sleeping hours, early onset of menses, late menopause and increased maternal age contributes in breast cancer.
- Oral Cancer – Many in India chew tobacco and smoke on regular basis, this increase the risk of getting affected by oral cancer. Oral cancer is among the top 3 cancers in India and accounts for 30% of the country’s cancer burden.
Cancer can be prevented by correcting the lifestyle habits and leading a healthy lifestyle. Keep a track on your health by eliminating unhealthy eating habits and the regular usage of alcohol.