Antibiotic Resistance : Consequences and Prevention

Antibiotics are the most commonly used medical term to treat an infection or chronic illness. Antibiotics target bacteria but, in some cases, it comes out to be tough to differentiate between viral and bacterial infections without a proper diagnose. Antibiotics are the most effective and proactive drug course prescribed to a patient.

Causes of Antibiotic Resistance

While the maximum populations get the desired results, some may develop drug resistance.

  • Over-prescription of antibiotics.
  • Not consuming the entire course of medication.
  • Overuse of antibiotics in livestock and fish farming.
  • Poor infection control in healthcare.
  • Unsatisfactory hygiene and sanitation.

Though other causes may not be too common, non- completion of medication course is most likely to be the culprit. Once a person is resistant, he may get the bacteria spreading in the body more rapidly. Antibiotic resistance has become a global threat, it’s imperative to keep a check on your actions and analyze for better.

Prevention

A scientist has developed a new “rapid test” that produces a cheaper and faster diagnosis of infectious diseases in just three hours, thus preventing antibiotic resistance from spreading. It contains a small number of pathogens in a patient’s sample, the standard tenure required up to 72 hours to allow for an appropriate result for the diagnosis.

The doctors can derive if the strain is resistant or sensible to the drug. At the same time, they can also derive information on the needed concentration of the antibiotic to constrain bacterial growth.

Using Antibiotics Correctly

  • Tell your healthcare professional you are concerned about antibiotic resistance.
  • Ask your healthcare professional if there are steps you can take to feel better and get symptomatic relief without using antibiotics.
  • Take the prescribed antibiotic exactly as your healthcare professional tells you.
  • Discard any leftover medication.
  • Ask your healthcare professional about vaccines recommended for you and your family to prevent infections that may require an antibiotic.
  • Never skip doses.
  • Never take an antibiotic for a viral infection like a cold or the flu.
  • Never pressure your healthcare professional to prescribe an antibiotic.
  • Never save antibiotics for the next time you get sick.
  • Never take antibiotics prescribed for someone else.

Keep complete care stay healthy!

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