Children are very naïve to distinguish between all small and big things happening around them. While it is the age where they learn most of their habits, being a parent, guardian, or teacher it is your moral duty to mold their habits to create a good and healthy life.
As compared to an adult, a child is more susceptible to infections and infection borne diseases which may cause a downfall in their growth spurt. Especially school going children often complain of having an uneasiness in carrying out many tasks and sometimes they are ill to the extent that it becomes difficult for them to come out of bed.
Your children spend on average 5-8 hours in school which is a major chunk of their active routine and this is the time slot and place where they might pick various communicable infections.
Watch out for following 5 common illnesses your child might pick in school and know the cure and prevention tips :
Cold often referred as the common cold is caused by Rhinoviruses. The symptoms of common cold are a sore throat, runny nose, cough, sneezing, chest congestion often followed by mild pain, and mild fever. The viral infection is communicable and is spread through the means of infected person’s saliva droplets in air, water, or other tangible entities around.
Flu is caused by Influenza virus and children under the age of 6 are recommended to be vaccinated to protect them against the adverse effects. Flu can be symbolized in the presence of high fever (103 degrees Celsius or above) followed by chills, body ache, loss of appetite, frequent exhaustion, cold, cough, a sore throat, and diarrhea in some cases. The infection is yet again a communicable disease and parents along with school authority must take healthy actions to make schools suitable for kids to remain healthy during peak flu seasons.
3. Strep Throat
Merely sipping chilled beverages are not the cause for your child having a strep throat. It is caused by the group A bacteria named Streptococcus. It spreads from person to person via the medium of contaminated water, food, and other objects. A child suffering from strep throat shows the signs of fever, rash, headache, nausea, swollen tonsils, vomiting, and tiny red spots on the skin in a few cases. A strep throat should first be treated by feeding hot beverages to the kids including vegetable and chicken soups, hot chocolates with moderate or less sugar.
Pinkeye, also known as conjunctivitis is a highly communicable infection that affects young children the most as their immune system is weaker than that of an average adult. The syndrome affects the clear membrane of the eyes. The symptoms of conjunctivitis include excessive tearing, thick discharge, swelling of eyelids, and redness in and around eyes. This can be caused by several chemicals present in the air or water, chlorinated water from swimming pools, dust, and several chemicals present in cosmetics. Kids suffering from pinkeye are advised to stay home to prevent other kids at school catching it. It spreads by touching the same objects as that touched by the infected person. To soothe the pain and itching, washing eyes with cold water but chilled is recommended. Excessively chilled water might cause further damage to the eyes.
Gastroenteritis is the inflammation of organs in digestive system including stomach, small intestine, and large intestine. It is caused by a group of viruses and can be fatal if not treated on time. Also known as stomach flu, its symptoms are vomiting, diarrhea, painful cramps, and fever. In the early stages of stomach flu, a kid must be fed with plenty of fluids including electrolytes which they tend to lose rapidly because of diarrhea.
Prevention: All the above illnesses can be avoided by teaching kids to wash their hands properly with disinfectant soaps before taking their meals and after using the bathroom. Kids should also be taught not to share their utensils at school and this doesn’t mean not to share their food and water with the needy. However, they should be taught how to share things with an infected kid without coming in direct contact with their objects. Also, parents and teachers must teach kids to maintain hygiene at home and school both to avoid catching infections in the first place.