Gastrointestinal Perforation

Gastrointestinal Perforation (GP) occurs when a hole forms all the way through the stomach, large bowel, or small intestine. The reason can be plenty including some severe digestive diseases including Appendicitis and Diverticulitis. It can also be a result of a wound such as a knife stab or a gunshot.

Though the disease can be evolved not just in your intestine but can also be in your gallbladder. It is an inflammation of the membrane that lines the abdominal cavity. Infection can trigger if any of the following manages to get into the abdominal cavity :-

  • Bacteria
  • Bile
  • Stomach Acid
  • Partially Digested Food
  • Stool

It is undoubtedly a medical emergency! While early diagnosis and treatment improve the chances of recovery, untreated GP can be life-threatening. It is also known as intestinal perforation or perforation of the intestines.

Symptoms of Gastrointestinal Perforation

The symptoms can be both initial and severe, depending upon the stage. Though early treatment can keep the risk lower.

Initial symptoms include :-

  • Severe Stomach Pain
  • Chills
  • Fever
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting

In the initial phase, the abdomen feels very tender, pain worsens when someone touches the affected area or even when the patient walks, its comparatively better when a person is still.

Severe symptoms include :-

  • Fatigue
  • Passing less urine, stools, or gas
  • Shortness of breath
  • Fast heartbeat
  • Dizziness

Causes of Gastrointestinal Perforation

Frequent digestive issues or developed infections can be a major cause of GP other common causes include :-

  • Stomach ulcer
  • Gallstones
  • Gallbladder infection
  • Bowel diseases
  • Indigestion & intake of steroids
  • Excessive smoking and alcohol consumption
  • Rare cases of injury during endoscopy or colonoscopy

What can be the Treatments?

In maximum cases, a surgery is needed to close the hole and treat the condition. A surgery fixes up the anatomical problem and removes any foreign material in the abdominal cavity that might be causing problems such as feces, bile, and food.

As another option, the doctor may prescribe antibiotics which leads to closing the hole. The last option includes removing a piece of intestine. The removal of a portion of either the small or large intestine may result in a colostomy or ileostomy which allows the intestinal contents to drain into a bag attached to your abdominal wall.

Prevent yourselves from various diseases and keep complete care!

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